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 Weaving activities has begun since log ago. This can be seen from the ancient houses where their walls were weaved with bamboos and the fine weaving arts still survive to this day.  House that have walls and roofs made from nipa are not hot because the thick layer of nipa leaves insulates the heat.

The usage of ropes, root and rattans are the forts basic in the making of weaving craft that has been the traditional effort since ages ago. This basic plants material grows wildly in the forest, swamp, villages and near the beach area.

 Various type of crat can be produced through the weaving process and technique from the pandanus plant (pandan and pine). Weaving shapes are made based on the function such as it is shaped into baskets, hats, food covers, mats and various shape to be used every day.

 Other than pandanus plant, other basic materials that is always used are from `bertam’ plants such as `palma engeissona tritis’ type and nipa. At about 1756 until 1794, there are King mats usage that is made from rattan and `bemban’ weaving.

 Weaving process is also called as “menaja”. To start a good weaving is in the morning or night. In the cloudy or cool weather, the leaves are more pliant and easy to shape without leaving any tear traces.

 Other than two-dimensional flat mat, there is a three-dimensional shape weaving. This type of weaving is usually used by old people to fill or keep living necessities and every day usage such as baskets, sacks (shrimp paste container), food covers, `kembal’ (`rombong’) and others.

 Bamboo and `bertam’ weaving is made horizontally or vertically. Pandan and `mengkuang’ leaves are weaved diagonally. `Kelarai’ weaving is weaved asingularly or comprehensively (complete) or sort in a certain space.





Weaving is an art that influence life and the culture of Malay society. Weaving means the process of netting or crossing materials from plants to become a strong and usable cluster. Plants materials that can be weaved are sticks, rattan, roots, bamboos, pandan, `mengkuang’, `jut’ and many more. The materials are usually easily dried and soft.



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