Custom is a variety of prevalence in a state based on the circumstances and the situation of a community. In short, custom is a daily life rule. It is a cluster of ideas comprising cultural values, norms, customs, institutions and customary laws prevalent in a particular area. Generally, convention or habit is something done that are ingrained in the life of a society; from a country, culture, time or religion in the same time. Custom can be forwarded with the information passed on from generation to generation, either in writing or orally.
Customs or traditions in a community is a spark of rule and guidelines where it is a specific threshold of a law implemented by the community for daily life. A community lived based on the practice of their ancestors in completing or implementing it as a regulation. This regulation became the practice and habit, became human nature and traits and during over time has become a necessity that needs to be followed by generations to maintain the tradition of their people.
Originally the custom word is from Arabic which means habit. The term itself implies a fairly widespread meaning and in a not so limited situation. Almost every race has a tradition with their own understanding of each. Therefore, to understand the meaning of custom for a certain tribe, we have to use or understand their culture and their philosophy of life.
Many scholars have also made various interpretations of the term culture. Every society that practiced customs are people living with etiquette. These reflect their lives in accordance with positive life norms that need to be obeyed. There are always different implementation and application in traditions and customs for every race. However, whatever the differences of interpretation and customs of a society, the aim is the same, namely to establish an advanced, dynamic and progressive society, because customs can reflect the spirit and personality of an indigenous community or nation.
BELOW ARE SOME EXAMPLE OF THE CUSTOM THAT HAS BEEN APPOINTED AS NATIONAL HERITAGE 2015
DETAIL : CORONATION CUSTOM
CATEGORY : CUSTOM AND CULTURE
The Installation of Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong was held in Balairong Seri, Istana Negara since the 7th Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
The coronation custom is divided into several part, it begins with the departure preparation of Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong with Raja Permaisuri Agong to Balairong Seri accompanied by his Royal Aides-de-camp and Dang Perwara with Warrior Bearers that brought the Royalty Regalias. The arrangement of the coronation are as follows:
- The arrival of Seri Paduka Baginda
- The beginning of Coronation Custom
- Proclamation of Enthronement
- Entrustment of the Government Kris
- Oath of Installation
- Congratulatory Speech and Loyalty Pledge to the Government and People of Malaysia
- Speech from the Throne by the new Yang di-Pertuan Agong
- Doa Recital
- Handover of Quran
- Closing of the ceremony
- The Departure of Yang di-Pertuang Agong
The day of the Installation of Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong is named as `Collar Day’. Therefore, clothing with collars had to be wore by all the Honors receivers. Sashes for the same Honors is not supposed to be wore together when wearing the Honors medals. But sashes for other Honors can be wore. Only one Honors Collar can be wear and it is put on both shoulders and is the same length from the front to the back with the badge on the chest. In the formal clothing or uniform, Collars are supposed to wear through tassels. Collars does not need to be wear during the Royal Banquet.
DETAIL : POST-NATAL CONFINEMENT CUSTOM
CATEGORY : CUSTOM AND CULTURE
Usually Malay people practiced post-natal confinement care between 40 to 44 days and some of the of them even 100 days. This matter is related to Muslim practice because post-natal bleeding occurs between 40 to 60 days maximum. Confinement custom in Malay race is to recover the body shape and the vitality of the mother.
The supervision during confinement is needed to restore the mother who is tired and weak after giving birth to the baby. Therefore, hereditary practice such as massaging, hot compress, wrapping, herbal bath, steam bath and drinking tree roots with eating herbal medicines are still being practiced by Malay people nowadays.
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