Conservation/Intoduction/Conservation of Traditional Buildings
24 May 2016
Conservation of Traditional Buildings
Traditional buildings in Malaysia generally refers to a traditional Malay house and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak and the Orang Asli. It also includes other Malay traditional building, Siam, China and India as palaces, mosques, madrassas, wat, temples, shrines and traditional houses Chinese and Indians.Most traditional buildings, particularly houses traditional Malay and Siamese Peninsula and traditional houses in Sabah and Sarawak natives constructed entirely of wood and other composite materials such as organic nibung, bamboo and thatched roofs, increased or clay tiles. It is a simple matter of weathering and insect pests are attacked so that the maintenance and conservation of these buildings is very challenging. While China has a tradition of building in a variety of tribes and conservation of such buildings requires a good understanding of the architecture and decoration of this varied.
Dokumentator building tradition is also quite difficult because it has the size and scale of its own. For example, construction of traditional Malay house using human measurement system like fathoms and inch to the width and cross-legged or stand for height or girth armful of poles. The system also involves the construction of multi-faith traditions, taboos and compatibility rules such as wind, water and 'fengshui' to determine the location, building orientation and arrangement of space. All of these need to be addressed for the conservation, documentation and renovation of the building tradition.
Among the traditional buildings that have been preserved or restored by the National Heritage Department is Masjid Putra Kampung Orang Asli in Simpang Durian, Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan, RumahPenghulu Abdul Ghani in Merlimau, Melaka; Wat Kampong Dalam (Wat Siam) in Tumpat, Kelantan; Temple Chan She Shu Yuen in Kuala Lumpur and the Temple of Sri PoyyathaVinayagarMoorthy (Temple Chetti) in Melaka and home PgMattusin in Lawas Sarawak, Masjid Soft Kampung Kuala Dal, Padang Rengas, Perak and Istana KampungDalam (Buildings Historical Society of Malaysia Terengganu) in Kuala Terengganu.
Among the main problems for conservation of traditional wooden buildings is the lack of skilled craftsmen in the art of traditional carpentry and joinery work, especially for conservation (preservation) timber. Wood source countries also continued to decline as the species identity. Buying wood supply in Sabah and Sarawak is also a source of very limited control. Wood on the market today are typically younger timber with different size to the size of the wooden structure of traditional houses. So it was for the restoration of wooden buildings require special orders and this will take time to ensure that the wood supplied by a proper quality.
|Rumah Penghulu Abdul Ghani, Merlimau, Melaka||Masjid Lama Mulong, Kedai Mulong, Kota Bharu, Kelantan|
|Masjid Kampung Laut, Kota Bharu, Kelantan||Istana Lama Seri Menanti, Kuala Pilah,N. Sembilan|
|Masjid Insaniah Kampung Kuala Dal, Padang Rengas, Perak||Istana Kampung Dalam (Bangunan Persatuan Sejarah Malaysia Cawangan Terengganu),Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu.