Conservation of heritage buildings is a general term referring to the activities of conservation on buildings, monuments and sites include some other activities such as maintenance (preservation), restoration (restoration), overhaul (repair and rehabilitation), reconstruction (reconstruction) and adjustments to (adaptively reuse) or any combination of them. It is also called the "conservation" that combine remedial action and maintenance. ICOMOS (Burra Charter Article 1.4, 1999) has defined as the process of conservation conserve cultural significance of a place that can preserve .National Heritage Act , 2005 (Act 645) states that "conservation" includes preservation, restoration, reconstruction, rehabilitation and reconciliation or where -Where affiliates. "Maintenance" under Act 645 are measures aimed to stop further deterioration, decay or dilapidated to buildings, monuments and sites. It includes:
(A) Mechanical or slowing the process of deterioration, decay or worn condition of an item or structure;
(B) improvement of structural conditions to make a structure safe, habitable, or otherwise useful; and
(C) regular maintenance and minor repairs that do not change or harm the appearance of the fabric or the history of a structure.
Accordingly conservation initiatives or conservation of the building is intended to:
i. Maintain and strengthen the heritage and history of the buildings, monuments and sites;
ii. Protect and ensure the buildings, monuments and heritage sites are safe and remain for the period beyond a few generations to become a reference, education and memories of the generations present and future;
iii. Buildings, monuments and heritage sites are part of evidence to an event or historical importance. He became a physical background to the story of the history that will be presented to future generations. This historical background that will shape the face and identity of Malaysia.
iv. Heritage will be an important asset for the country, whether for education and for the return of the economy through the tourism industry, the reference R & D and dignity in the eyes of the world. An important heritage to be shared with the citizens of the world as a world heritage recognition universal as the UNESCO World Heritage List.