Conservation /Introduction/Colonial Building Restoration
24 May 2016
Colonial Building Restoration
Apart from traditional houses in the villages and Chinese shop houses in the town nor city, colonial buildings are another category of buildings that dominate the landscape architecture in Malaysia. Since the Portuguese and Dutch in Melaka next English throughout the country until independence, Malaysia has a collection of colonial buildings that are very rich, varied and unique. Colonial architecture is mostly for government administrative buildings, public buildings, schools and structures and monuments such as the bridge and the clock tower.
Among the colonial buildings that have been preserved or restored is the Sultan Abdul Samad Building, the General Post Office (GPO) and Headquarters PWD (PWD) which are all located in the Independence Square; Taiping Perak Museum building, building Secretariat (SUK) in Seremban; Stadthuys in Melaka, Sultan Abu Bakar Museum in the town and Fort Margherita in Kuching. Despite the colonial buildings are generally designed colonial architect or engineer but it was built by local people using local building techniques, local materials and taking into account local weather conditions. Although partly designed entirely with European architectural styles such as Classical, Gothic, Tudor and Art-deco, some are a combination of local architecture or architectural influence of China until it becomes unique architecture known as eclectic or hybrid.
Thus, conservation of colonial buildings can not arbitrarily use the conservation techniques used in Europe even though the design and architectural style looks the same. This is not only due to the different European climate and tropical climate but due to construction techniques and construction materials also commonly very different. Therefore, conservation requires scientific research to ensure trouble, illness and disability experienced by each building even though it's the building with the architecture and the same as the problem location (locality), the source and quality of the material is different. For example, despite all the many colonial buildings in Malaysia using a mortar and lime plaster but the source, type and quality limestone is varied. Lime derived from limestone mountains in Ipoh is very different from the lime from sources elsewhere or lime made from sea shells. Thus, the original lime plaster samples should be sent to a lab to identify the mineral composition of the plaster mixture. After that, the sample was based on a new lime mix ratio is equal to the original plaster.However, this sample is not necessarily the best for the source and quality of limestone used now are different. Thus, conservation work will also involve the recording of all information obtained from this for future reference.
|Muzium Perak, Taiping, Perak||Istana Bandar, Jugra, Kuala Langat, Selangor|
|Kubu Margherita, Kuching, Sarawak.||Gedung Raja Abdullah, Klang, Selangor|
|Gereja St George, Pulau Pinang||Bangunan Lama HSBC, Melaka.|
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