National Leprosy Control Centre
National Leprosy Control Centre
24 May 2016
Leper overnight became the stigma that at the time of deprivation in terms of health facilities. Leprosy is a disease that is not dammed infection because there is no specific cure is found. The lepers shunned by family and society. The hospital building places of exile were impoverished, isolated and far from public view until the lepers feel more depressed, idle and wait for death. In Malaya, lepers are placed in remote areas far from major hospitals such as in Setapak, Johor and PulauJerejak.
1926 - Construction of the National Leprosy Control Centre in Sungai Bulohopen a new episode for lepers. Although the selected area in Sungai Buloh is quite remote and they were confined in a fenced area high but Leprosy Control Centre gives the feeling is very different from the conditions in which they are separated before. Sungai Buloh Leprosy Control Centre is a highly organized seeded in a specially crafted by city planners and architects as a 'residential park' complete with a modern hospital, residences, houses of worship, clubs and halls. It was a full week because even have a market, building washing (laundry), shops, police stations, prisons. In this placement, lepers live freely available residential, farming and recreation among themselves under the supervision of medical officers who oversee their disease specifically and continuously. This is where a vaccine to prevent leprosy found from a tree as a tree bears fruit Setumpol. The fruit of this tree were used as a cure for leprosy patients. This tree became the landscape in the area of corruption. Corruption residents formed a society of very unique and cooperate with each other for sharing the same problems and grief. A total of 2000 have been registered as residents of corruption at one time consisted of Chinese, Malays, Indians, Eurasians, Siamese and others. They formed a volunteer team of security among them, organizing sports and cultural festival and celebrates all festivals every race together.
Sungai Buloh corruption is very important because it is the first of its kind in the world to design a model to other leprosy centers around the world
|Wad pesakit (PKKN-1932)|
|Anggota Pasukan Keselamatan , (PKKN-1932)||Wang Khas yang digunakan (PKKN-1932)|
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium leprae affecting the skin and nerves. The disease is transmitted by infection from person to person via the respiratory system. But it requires a long incubation period of up to 10 to 15 years so that people with TB is difficult to detect early. The first signs of leprosy is in a patient's body there are one or more patches of white numbness (numbness) or red patches are not itchy. Your skin will become dry, rough, overgrown with fur or hair. People will lose the sense of taste. Leprosy bacteria attack the nose, hands, behind the ears and fingers. Since 1996, no new cases were admitted to corruption.
The number of leprosy patients in the ward of corruption is now only a total of 121 people of 66 men and 55 women in the average age of 50 years and above.
National Leprosy Control Centre in Sungai Buloh designed by highly organized. It is a settlement that is far better than any of the towns in Malaya at that time with a comfortable home and fully equipped with medical facilities and public utilities. It is divided into zones based on the function of the administrative area consists of hospitals and wards, the council consists of public facilities, clubs, police stations, clinics and playgrounds and residential areas. Patients' homes are designed based on the needs of the matrimonial home and kitchen, double house without a kitchen and a single house. The kitchen is available for those unable to cook because most patients are not capable of either hand they have a disability or are sick with leprosy. Houses of worship such as mosques, temples and churches built in the residential area to facilitate the residents. After a while, the buildings house association China is built for the various ethnic groups of China as the Chinese are the biggest occupant at the time.
Kepentingan PKKN Sungai Buloh :
- PKKN merupakan kawasan penempatan pesakit kusta yang paling terancang di dunia pada zamannya sebagai sebuah pekan yang lengkap dan paling kondusif dan berperikemanusian untuk pesakit kusta. Ia menjadi model kepada pembangunan penempatan pesakit kusta di lain-lain negara di dunia.
- PKKN Sungai Buloh menjadi pelopor kepada penemuan vaksin mencegah sakit kusta yang diperolehi dari getah buah Setumpol.
Pesakit-pesakit kusta ditempatkan di ‘chalet-chalet’ dan menjalani kehidupan seharian mereka dengan aktiviti penanaman pokok bunga dan lanskap.
Kediaman kelamin beserta rumah dapur
|Sisi Kanan||Sisi Kiri|
Kediaman Kelamin Tanpa Dapur
Kediaman Kelamin Beserta Rumah Dapur
|Deretan Chalet Kediaman|
|Tandas baru yang dibina di kawasan Central Zone.|
|Tandas lama (asal) di kawasan Central Zone.||Tandas lama (asal) di kawasan East Zone.|
Antara bangunan yang masih kekal sehingga kini
|Wad-wad pesakit yang masih digunakan.|
|Kuil Hindu.||Chinese Associate Club|
|Pasar||Klinik Central PKKN|